Egeln – Saxony-Anhalt (English)

Location: Saxony-Anhalt
About this community: The history of Jews in Egeln dates back to the 16th century. However, the Jewish community established a synagogue on 12 Barfuesser Strasse only at the beginning of the 1850s. The Jewish cemetery on Am Husarengraben was opened at the beginning of the 19th century. The last burial took place around 1920.

In 1910 Egeln's Jewish community reached its population peak of 26, which apparently did not vary much until the early thirties. In 1933, approximately 25 Jews lived in Egeln. At that time, the Jewish community still operated a synagogue, a cemetery and a school. Five children received religious instruction. Four Jews from Westeregeln and four from Croppenstedt were affiliated with the Jewish community in Egeln. A very few Jews who lived in the towns Hadmersleben, Seehausen and Wanzleben also belonged to the Jewish community of Egeln. The community's last chairman was Moritz Wiener. Dr. Wilde from Magdeburg served as rabbi.

On Pogrom Night in November 1938, SA men damaged Jewish shops and smashed the show windows. Jews were insulted and harassed; and several were arrested. The Jewish cemetery was desecrated and partially destroyed. SA members demolished the interior of the probably already-defunct synagogue. Wilhelm Otto, a farmer, prevented the arson of the synagogue building because he feared his stable could catch fire as well. Since he later refused to allow a transport of demolition material through his plot, the synagogue could not be demolished. After 1945, the former synagogue building was used as storage. In the 1970s, it was converted into an apartment building.

Very little is known about the fate of the Jews from Egeln during the Shoah. At least 16 of them perished in the Shoah. In 2004, a memorial stone was unveiled commemorating Egeln's Jewish community.
Sources: Synagogue Memorial "Beit Ashkenaz": Pogrom Night 1938: A Memorial to the Destroyed Synagogues of Germany, Jerusalem, 2013.

Zentralwohlfahrtsstelle der Deutschen Juden (Ed.): Führer durch die Jüdische Gemeindeverwaltung und Wohlfahrtspflege in Deutschland 1923-1933 [1933/34].

Online sources: http://www.jüdische-gemeinden.de/index.php/gemeinden/e-g/535-egeln-sachsen
http://www.alemannia-judaica.de/egeln_friedhof.htm
http://www.volksstimme.de/nachrichten/lokal/stassfurt/1173250_Erst-der-Niedergang-eines-Landes-oeffnete-den-Menschen-die-Augen.html
http://www.egeln.info/news/1/125369/nachrichten/125369.html
http://db.yadvashem.org/names/nameResults.html?place=Egeln&placeType=THESAURUS&language=en
Located in: Saxony - Anhalt